Framework and Method

Understanding by Design

Using the Understanding by Design framework, educators first clarify what they want their students to learn and then plan their lessons or units based on those desired outcomes. This helps students engage in purposeful, reflective thinking and discourages the common practice of relying too much on a textbook for teaching or stringing together a series of classroom activities without considering the goals and messages of the curriculum.

Dual-Narrative Approach

A dual narrative approach is an educational method that pairs Israeli and Palestinian understandings of history. Reframing Israel uses this approach to help students understand the experiences of both Israelis and Palestinians and to cultivate respect and compassion for both peoples.


This curriculum emphasizes the reading of literature as a method for learning about the conflict. Through books students encounter history, politics, and identity, learn about the complexities of the conflict, and try to understand each side’s frustrations and aspirations.

Project-Based Learning

Project-based learning is a teaching method in which students explore a complex question, problem, or challenge. The educator helps students to plan, manage, and assess a project that they create after an extended period of inquiry.